A microphone is a tool that functions as a transducer, meaning it changes one kind of energy into another kind of energy with as little variation as possible from that of the first source. In this case, when you make a recording, your kind of microphone would make a big difference.
Know that there are many different kinds of microphones sold in the market and that they are designed differently thus they function differently, and can meet different needs for your recording. You will most probably come across two main types of microphones for recording your music or sound and you will be able to choose the best for your needs.
Actually, choosing a microphone should not be too hard especially if you know the differences between them and which one you will use for your recording needs. Know for example, that a studio microphone for vocals will not be used for recording instruments.
Generally, for instruments and live performances, a dynamic microphone is great to use. This kind of microphone is what you will notice liver performers are using. On the other side, if the use is for vocals and other soft recordings of which details are extremely important, the condenser studio microphones are used. Depending on your budget and if you can afford them, it is beneficial to have both types of microphones.
In recording vocals where a flatter frequency is a must than the dynamic, the condenser will fit into the requirements. What will happen when using a condenser studio microphone is that the recording will be much clearer and more accurate, while in using dynamic which are meant for live performances and instrument recordings, details are tuned out.
Another comparison between a condenser studio microphone versus a dynamic microphone is that the condenser would be needing a preamp or a mixer with a phantom power of around 48 volts, while the dynamic microphone, rugged and less sensitive as it is, does not need the phantom power.
The pickup pattern is another important thing to consider when you are choosing the best studio microphone for your recording needs. Know that there are essential a three various kinds of pickup patterns, and these are the omni directional microphones, the bidirectional microphones and the unidirectional microphones.
If you are planning for a home recording studio, it is advisable to stay away from using the omni directional microphone because it can pick up sounds evenly, like sounds from your television, from your dog barking, and others.
In the case of the bidirectional microphone where only two directions, the front and the back, can only be picked up, is used where people can share a microphone like in radio interviews.